Understanding the Different Types of Stock

Learn about the three main types of stock: common stock, preferred shares & IPO stocks. Understand their characteristics & how they differ from each other.

Understanding the Different Types of Stock

When it comes to investing in stocks, there are three main types of stock to consider: growing stocks, securities stocks, and income stocks. Common stock is the most popular type of stock and represents ownership of a company and a claim on its profits. Preferred shares are similar to bonds in that they provide a fixed dividend but do not have the same voting rights as common stock. Finally, IPO stocks are newly issued shares that can be volatile but offer the potential for significant profits.

Common stock is what most people think of when they hear the word 'stocks'. It grants investors a stake in the company with the ability to vote on key issues, such as the election of board members or the adoption of certain policies. Common stocks can produce higher returns than other investments in the long term, but they also carry greater risk. If a company goes bankrupt and is liquidated, common shareholders will not receive money until creditors, bondholders, and preferred shareholders are paid.

Preferred shares represent some degree of ownership in a company but generally do not have voting rights. They may be redeemable at any time and for any reason, usually in exchange for a premium. Preferred shareholders are liquidated before common shareholders in the event of liquidation, but after debt holders. The return on preferred shares comes mainly from dividends rather than price appreciation.

IPO stocks are shares of companies that have recently gone public through an initial public offering (IPO). These stocks tend to generate a lot of enthusiasm among investors looking to get in on the ground floor of a promising business concept. However, they can also be volatile and should be approached with caution. Generally, a stock retains its IPO status for at least one year and between two and four years after its IPO.

All publicly traded companies issue common shares, which can appreciate or depreciate in value depending on investor demand and market conditions. Within these broad categories of common and preferred shares, there are further divisions based on other factors such as nominal value and maturity date. Investors can also buy baskets of different types of stocks by using ETFs and mutual funds that track various indices. If you want to learn how to trade stocks more profitably and make more money with confidence, sign up for our mailing list to find out when we launch free training, live classes, new courses, discounts, and promotions.

We also offer educational videos every week and a downloadable list of more than 125 popular stocks to consider. Quickly calculate midday volume with our Excel sheet to know if your stock volume is trading above or below the daily average.

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